Pelvic Fractures

Pelvic fractures are breaks in one or more bones of the pelvis, an area that provides structural support for the spine and protection for abdominal organs. These fractures range from mild to severe and are serious injuries that require immediate medical attention.

Causes and Risk Factors

Pelvic fractures often result from high-energy impacts, such as those in car accidents, falls from a significant height, or crush injuries. In older adults, especially those with osteoporosis, pelvic fractures can occur from lower-impact events like a simple fall.

Types of Pelvic Fractures

Pelvic fractures can be classified into several types, depending on the location and severity:

  1. Stable fractures, where the pelvis remains stable and the bones are not displaced.
  2. Unstable fractures, involving two or more breaks in the pelvis and possible displacement of bone fragments.


Symptoms include severe pain in the hip or groin area, difficulty walking or standing, and bruising and swelling in the pelvic region. In cases of severe fractures, there may be internal bleeding and damage to abdominal organs.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis involves physical examination and imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI. Treatment depends on the fracture’s severity. Stable fractures may only require rest and pain management, while unstable fractures often need surgical intervention to realign and stabilize the bones.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Recovery includes rest, pain management, and gradual increase in mobility. Physical therapy is often necessary to strengthen muscles and improve mobility. The healing process can take several months, depending on the fracture’s severity and the patient’s overall health.

Pelvic fractures, particularly severe ones, are complex injuries that can have significant implications for mobility and overall health. Prompt and appropriate treatment is essential for effective recovery and minimizing long-term impacts.