Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat problems in the knee joint. This technique has become increasingly popular due to its less invasive nature compared to traditional open knee surgery, leading to quicker recovery times and less postoperative discomfort.

The Procedure

During knee arthroscopy, small incisions, usually about a quarter of an inch each, are made around the knee. An arthroscope, a small camera, is inserted through one of these incisions to provide a clear view of the inside of the knee joint on a video monitor. Surgeons then use miniature surgical instruments inserted through other incisions to trim or repair damaged tissue. Common issues addressed through knee arthroscopy include torn meniscal cartilage, torn or damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), inflamed synovial tissue, and misalignment of the patella (kneecap).


The major advantages of knee arthroscopy over traditional open surgery include less tissue damage, reduced pain and swelling post-surgery, lower risk of infection, and faster recovery. Most procedures are done on an outpatient basis, allowing patients to return home the same day.


Postoperative care is crucial for a successful outcome. Recovery time varies depending on the complexity of the procedure. Patients typically engage in physical therapy to regain strength and mobility in the knee. While some may resume normal daily activities within a few weeks, a full return to sports or strenuous activities might take several months.

Knee arthroscopy is a testament to the advancements in medical technology, offering patients a less disruptive option for knee surgery with a quicker path to recovery and return to normal activities.