Meniscus Repair/Partial Meniscectomy

Meniscus repair and partial meniscectomy are two surgical procedures used to treat tears in the meniscus, a C-shaped piece of cartilage in the knee that acts as a shock absorber between the thigh and shin bones. These procedures address meniscal injuries, common in both athletes and the general population, often caused by twisting or turning quickly with the foot planted and the knee bent.

Meniscus Repair

Meniscus repair involves stitching the torn pieces of the meniscus back together. This procedure is generally preferred when the tear is in the outer part of the meniscus, which has a better blood supply and a higher chance of healing. The goal of meniscus repair is to preserve as much healthy tissue as possible, as this can help maintain knee stability and function and potentially prevent future joint problems.

Partial Meniscectomy

In cases where the meniscus is too badly damaged to be repaired, partial meniscectomy may be performed. This procedure involves trimming away the damaged tissue while leaving as much of the healthy meniscus as possible. Partial meniscectomy is more common than meniscus repair, particularly for tears in the inner part of the meniscus, which lacks a good blood supply.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Recovery times can vary significantly between the two procedures. Meniscus repair often requires a longer recovery period, as the stitches need time to heal. Patients may need to use crutches and avoid weight-bearing activities for several weeks. In contrast, recovery from partial meniscectomy is typically quicker, with many patients resuming normal activities within a few weeks.

Both meniscus repair and partial meniscectomy play a crucial role in alleviating pain, improving mobility, and preventing further knee damage. The choice between these procedures depends on the nature of the meniscus tear and the overall health of the knee joint.