Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
Rotator Cuff Tear

Rotator Cuff Tears are a common injury, particularly in older adults or individuals who engage in activities involving repetitive arm motions. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint, providing stability and enabling a wide range of arm movements. A tear can occur in these tendons, leading to pain and a decrease in shoulder function.

Causes and Risk Factors

Rotator cuff tears can be the result of either acute injury, like a fall, or degenerative changes that occur over time with repetitive stress. Aging increases the likelihood of tears, as does performing overhead activities, heavy lifting, or sports such as baseball or tennis.


Common symptoms include pain at rest and at night, particularly if lying on the affected side, pain when lifting and lowering the arm, weakness when lifting or rotating the arm, and a crackling sensation when moving the shoulder in certain positions.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI. Treatment varies based on the severity of the tear and the patient’s lifestyle. Non-surgical treatments include rest, ice, pain relievers, and physical therapy to strengthen shoulder muscles. For more severe or symptomatic tears, surgical options like arthroscopic tendon repair, open surgical repair, or tendon transfer may be considered.

Recovery and Prevention

Recovery depends on the treatment method. Physical therapy is crucial in both non-surgical and post-surgical rehabilitation. Prevention strategies focus on exercises to strengthen shoulder muscles, proper technique during physical activities, and avoiding repetitive stress.

Rotator cuff tears are a significant cause of shoulder pain and disability, but with appropriate treatment and rehabilitation, many individuals can return to their normal activities with improved shoulder function.