Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome is a common condition where the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles become irritated and inflamed as they pass through the subacromial space, the narrow passage beneath the acromion. This can lead to pain, weakness, and limited mobility in the shoulder.

Causes and Risk Factors

This syndrome often results from repetitive overhead activity, leading to overuse and strain of the shoulder muscles. Athletes, particularly swimmers and baseball players, are commonly affected, as are individuals whose jobs involve overhead work. Other risk factors include poor posture, muscle weakness or imbalance, and age-related wear and tear.


Symptoms include aching pain in the shoulder, which can extend down the arm, pain when lifting the arm, lowering it from an elevated position, or when lying on the affected side, and weakness or stiffness in the shoulder. The pain often worsens with activities that involve reaching overhead.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis is typically based on physical examination, patient history, and sometimes imaging tests like X-rays or MRI. Initial treatment includes rest, avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms, ice to reduce inflammation, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Physical therapy focusing on stretching and strengthening the shoulder is also beneficial. In persistent or severe cases, corticosteroid injections or surgery to create more space for the rotator cuff tendons may be considered.

Prevention and Management

Preventive measures include regular shoulder exercises to maintain flexibility and strength, using proper technique during sports or work activities, and avoiding repetitive overhead movements.

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome, if managed correctly, usually responds well to conservative treatment. However, understanding the condition and modifying activities is crucial to alleviate symptoms and prevent further damage.